The Arabian Peninsula Partnership
The Gospel for every person and a church for every people in the Arabian Peninsula amongst indigenous peoples
Information about Yemen
(source: Operation World)
Area: 531,869 sq.km. Mountainous south and south-western portion of the Arabian Peninsula and also the Indian Ocean island of Socotra.
Capital: Sana'a: 1,400,000. Other major city: Aden 630,000.
|2000: 18,112,066||+3.81%||34 per sq. km.|
|2010: 25,366,187||+3.32%||48 per sq. km.|
|2025: 858,368||+2.66%||73 per sq. km.|
Arabs: 95%. Over 1,700 clans and tribes. Also: Sudanese 300,000; Omani 120,000; Iraqi 70,000.
Immigrant and Refugee communities: 4.3%. Somali 670,000; South Asian 76,000; Ethiopian 8,000; Eritrean 8,000.
Other: 0.7%. Mahri 80,000; Soqotri 40,000.
Literacy: 43% (23% for women) Official language: Arabic
Agricultural and pastoral economy; the only part of the Arabian Peninsula with a significant rainfall. Oil provides 95% of foreign earnings. The expulsion of over 1 million Yemeni workers from Saudi Arabia in the 1990 Gulf War was a major blow to the economy. The poorest state in the Middle East. Income/person $380 (1.2% of USA).
A turbulent history of wars and conquests. The North was part of the Ottoman Empire until 1918 and then an isolated feudal theocracy until the 1962 Egyptian-engineered republican revolution. Aden (the South) was ruled by Britain until independence in 1967. A Marxist coup ousted the traditional rulers and imposed a leftist regime. The two countries united in 1990 with the north as the dominant partner. A southern secessionist revolt in 1994 led to a northern victory. A strong presidential government with a measure of democracy.
Islam is the official religion and the legal system is based on shari'a law. Sunni Islam 62% (in centre and south), Zaidi Shi'a 37% (in north-east), Ismaili 0.9%. Only freedom of religion for non-Muslims.
|Other denominations (4)||4||774||1,200|