The Arabian Peninsula Partnership
The Gospel for every person and a church for every people in the Arabian Peninsula amongst indigenous peoples
Information about Saudi Arabia
(source: Operation World)
Area: 2,240,000 sq.km.
The main portion of the Arabian Peninsula; almost entirely desert but containing 25% of the world's known oil reserves.
|2000: 21,606,691||+3.43%||10 per sq. km.|
|2010: 28,778,495||+2.80%||13 per sq. km.|
|2025: 39,964,965||+1.87%||18 per sq. km.|
Capital: Riyadh 3.35 mill. Other major cities: Jiddah 2.1m; Mecca 920,000.
With the presence of such a large number of foreigners, all figures are estimates.
Arabs: 83.8% Saudi Arab 72.9%
Foreign Arab: 10.9%. Egyptian 1.2m; Yemeni 500,000; Palestinian 300,000; Jordanian 200,000.
Asian: 14.2%. Indian 1m; Pakistani 800,000; Filipino 600,000; Bangladeshi 200,000, Iranian 150,000; Sri Lankan 150,000.
African: 1.4%. Nigerian, Sudanese, Somali.
Other: 0.6%. American, British, French, Italian etc.
Literacy: 62.8%. Official language: Arabic All languages: 5
Enormous oil wealth produces two-thirds of government revenue and is used to improve services and communications, develop industries and finance Islamic expansion around the world. The combined effects of eighteen consecutive years of budget deficits, spectacular corruption of the large royal family and the heavy cost of the Gulf War (at least US$50 billion) have enforced a measure of austerity since 1990. A major economic overhaul is overdue. Income/person $7,150 (22.7% of USA).
Absolute monarchy and a semi-feudal state with administration, diplomacy and commerce tightly controlled by the large royal family. Since the Gulf War there has been pressure from democrats to liberalize the country and from hard-line Islamists to exert more control, resulting in some changes.
An Islamic state committed to the role of the custodian of Islam and its holiest sites. The majority of Saudis are Wahhabi Sunnis. Religions other than Islam are prohibited even for expatriate Christian gatherings. All non-Muslim figures are estimates. Persecution index: 1st in world.